Liver transplant – its causes and care

Liver is the largest internal organ of human body and the heaviest one weighing 1.6 kilograms.  Liver transplantation is a surgical procedure in which a normal and healthy liver of a healthy person or deceased person who is referred to as donor is replaced to a failing or liver of a person with chronic disease.

Tylenoloverdose, viral infections and consumption of poisonous mushrooms are some of the reasons which lead to a disease known as acute liver failure. A liver which was earlier healthy suffers heavy damage due to a certain reason which results in liver failure. The symptoms of this disease include confusion which establishes 8 weeks within the onset of Jaundice.The encephalopathy typically occurs due to the liver which now cannot metabolize the toxins and the toxins are free to roam in the bloodstream.The people with acute liver failure are at a very high risk of death if the liver are if they do not get a proper liver Donor.They are usually at the status one or the highest priority of liver recipient list.A chronic liver failure is a disease which establishes itself over many years and sometimes even decades.Usually it occurs due to heavy consumption of alcohol. There are some other the liver goes through a period of repeated damage and also repairs itself, but overtime it grows week and results and scaring.

The stage in which the liver is no longer able to prepare its own self is called cirrhosis.This disease is also called decompensated liver disease and liver transplantation is only cure in such cases.Theremay be gastrointestinal bleeding in such cases where the fragile veins whichline the gastrointestinal tract the stomach and the esophagus and they bleed due to the enlarged liver.The inability to clear ammonia and other toxins leads to encephalopathy and cognitive dysfunction and also may result in coma.Jaundice is a sure sign of liver function problems.There may be many reasons of chronic liver failure which ranges from hepatocellular carcinoma which refers to cancer of liver originating from abnormal liver cells, usually after cirrhosis of liver. This begins in the liver and starts to spread by metastasis very quickly.The other reasons for chronic liver failure include genetic liver diseases such as tyrosinemia and Wilson’s disease.The largest and most prominent cause is alcoholism.In all these cases a liver transplantation is required.

Usually brain death all cardiac death organs donors are chosen for liver transplant as liver is a single and vital organ. But a part of liver can be transplanted to you from a living donor. The there are many famous liver transplant specialist in India. If you see any symptoms of a liver disease you must immediately contact one. In case of a chronic liver failure, early cases may not require a transplant. The rate of survival after transplant is high. But in some cases like that of hepatitis B and C there is a chance of relapse. In the case of hepatitis C the patient gradually again comes back to a stage of liver cirrhosis.